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Colombia

Venezuelan migrants and indigenous Wayuu in a settlement in Uribia, La Guajira, where MSF runs a mobile clinic. Colombia.   [© MSF]

No. staff in 2019: 117| Expenditure in 2019: €3.9 million | Year MSF first worked in the country: 1985 | msf.org/colombia

Key medical figures

  • 15,200 consultations for contraceptive services
  • 10,900 individual mental health consultations
  • 63,700 outpatient consultations
  • 460 women received safe abortion care

Colombia saw a resurgence of violence in 2019, as armed groups fought over disputed territories. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) assisted Colombians who were forcibly displaced and confined, and supported Venezuelan migrants.

In the department of Cauca, we offered mental health assistance to the Nasa indigenous community after a massacre in which several of their members were killed. In Chocó, our teams ran general and mental health services for members of the Wounaan Nonam indigenous community displaced by clashes between armed factions in Docordó town centre. In the last week of the year, an MSF team in Norte de Santander provided general and mental healthcare and shelter kits to more than 100 people confined in a school in Hacarí.

Our mobile emergency response team focused exclusively on humanitarian emergencies in the department of Nariño, one of the regions most affected by the renewed conflict and other violent events in the country. We offered medical and mental healthcare to people confined and displaced by clashes between armed groups in the municipalities of Olaya Herrera, Roberto Payán, Magüí Payán and Tumaco, among others. We also donated shelter kits to hundreds of families in temporary settlements.

Yet again, our teams witnessed the effect of displacement and confinement on people’s mental health. Stress, worry and fear add to the psychosocial impacts of exposure to acts of violence. In addition, the absence of timely responses from the authorities intensifies the feeling of lack of protection and uncertainty.

In Colombia, we also address the effects on mental health of the threats, targeted killings and intraurban displacement associated with urban violence. In Buenaventura, we continued to offer consultations through a dedicated telephone helpline and comprehensive care for victims of sexual violence and women seeking access to termination of pregnancy.

Assisting Venezuelan refugees and migrants

In the midst of this panorama of increasing violence resulting from the inconsistent implementation of the peace agreements, Colombia has become a country of transit and refuge for millions of people fleeing Venezuela’s social, political and economic crisis. According to official figures, there are around 1.6 million Venezuelans in Colombia, and although most of them live in the main cities, thousands have settled in departments near the border with Venezuela, such as La Guajira, Norte de Santander and Arauca, where they are affected by the conflict and the government response is much more limited.

In response to the growing needs of the Venezuelan population in Colombia, MSF established three projects focused on general healthcare, mental health and sexual and reproductive health in these departments, targeting in particular pregnant women and children under the age of five. Our teams provided assistance in the municipalities of Riohacha, Tibú and Tame and conducted mobile clinics several times a month in places such as Uribía, Maicao and Manaure in La Guajira; Puerto Santander and La Gabarra in Norte de Santander; and Saravena and Arauquita in Arauca.

During their activities, our teams observed the multiple vulnerabilities of Venezuelan migrants and asylum seekers who have not been able to regularise their status in the country. As well as the risks of recruitment by armed groups and forced prostitution, they face problems in obtaining medical assistance, as the public health system excludes them from all services other than childbirth, vaccination and medical emergencies. They also struggle to access education, shelter and work where they are not exploited or exposed to danger.

A Venezuelan migrant family in Tibú, in the border department of Norte de Santander, where MSF provides healthcare. Colombia. [© Esteban Montaño/MSF]

Advocating on behalf of vulnerable women and migrants

Our advocacy work is aimed at improving women's access to safe termination of pregnancy. As part of the strategy, the report Unsafe Abortion, Women at Risk was published to expose the social, economic and institutional barriers that prevent access to this service. The report highlighted that 88 per cent of the 428 patients treated by MSF in 2017-2018 faced at least one of the following barriers: social obstacles (social stigma or harassment by family members and friends); economic or geographical obstacles; a lack of information about the law regarding the termination of pregnancy. Twenty-seven per cent of our patients who requested a safe abortion in a health facility prior to coming to MSF had had their request refused.

MSF helped 460 women in the termination of their pregnancies and accompanied 120 to have the procedure carried out in a public hospital. As a result of the findings in the report, we called on the health authorities to ensure the prevention of unwanted pregnancies by increasing and simplifying access to efficient family planning services, with an emphasis on adolescents living in poverty or in rural environments. We also called on them to prevent deaths and other consequences of unsafe abortions by making comprehensive safe abortion services available and accessible to women and girls across the country.

MSF called for greater international investment and operational presence, particularly in conflict zones, and for more assistance in sexual and reproductive health activities for the migrant population.

“Unsafe Abortion, Women at Risk” in last para - for online IAR, use this link: https://www.msf.org/unsafe-abortion-women-risk-colombia-msf-report

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